Beginner’s Guide to Choosing a Fishing Rod

For a beginner choosing a fishing rod can be daunting. In fact, for a beginner at anything, it can be difficult, and fishing is no different.

You would have got to learn about other types of fish species, their habits, regulations, and gear to mention a few things.

To minimize the learning, it’s better to take a direct approach and learn about a single type of fish.

Look, we have so many different types of fish with plenty of habits. Trying to learn all of it at once would be too cumbersome. 


Identifying specific species won’t only help you to catch that fish; it will also help you select the kind of gear as well. With a target fish in mind, choosing a fishing rod would be made easier.

Choosing a fishing rod is part of the first choices a new fisherman has to make after deciding what kind of species to target.

There are some few things you would want to keep in mind and take particular notice of when you want to select your first fishing rod.

Understand these attributes, and you will help yourself with the best rod before heading to the water.You can start to narrow down your fishing rod choice with these guidelines.

What to Look for When Choose a Fishing Rod for Beginners

fishing rods structure

1. Rod Action

Fishing Rod Action

Amount of action your rod would have is likely one of the first choices you should make. This refers to the amount of bend the rod would have.

Most sellers have the ultra-light, heavy, medium heavy action rods. The kind of action you would choose depends on the type of fish you wish to target.

However, there are no standing rules for the pairing of fishing rods to fish, most people believe on a few things.

Pan fish because of their small size are best caught with ultra-light rods, it makes fighting the small fish more fun, and the rod feels more sensitive when the fish bites.

If you want to pursue a medium size fish such as walleye or bass, then securing a medium or a medium heavy action is better. For larger fish like catfish, salmon and ocean fish; you would want a rod that is medium heavy or heavy.

2. Rod Length

fishing Rod Length

Length of a rod is usually measured from the tip to the end of the butt. Deciding on the length, you would want when buying a fishing rod is another choice you will have to make.

This choice would be largely affected by the kind of fish you will be targeting, and you would also put into consideration the habitat from which you are fishing.

Rods that are longer about 8 feet have several advantages. For a beginner, you would be able to cast a long rod easier than you can cast a short rod.

Secondly, they are generally quicker than shorter rods. They cast more distance and are useful for surf casting. They are best for fishing in open beaches, lakes when you would do a lot of casting.

However, there are sometimes when a shorter rod would come handy though. In a situation when you are planning to fish in the woods or using a fishing bank where there are a lot of trees crowding the waterline, a short rod would be easier to handle.

Also, if you plan to cast continuously for a period, a shorter rod can be used. They are useful when trolling, where it is attached to a moving boat and drawn across the water.

Understanding the kind of fish species you want to target and their habitat, you would be able to decide the length of the rod that is best for you.

3. Your Reel Type

different type fishing reels

One of the significant decisions you will make when choosing a fishing rod is the type of reel you want to be using.

We have different reels which are designed for different rods. The two main categories we have been spinning and baitcasting rods.

The difference between a spinning rod and a casting rod is majorly where the reel is. On baitcasting reels, the reels are on top of the rod. They are viewed as something more experienced fishers do.

So, most newbies are advised and encouraged to start with the spin casting rods first.

Spin casting reels are on the bottom side of the rod. They are the easiest ones to use. If you are a newbie, it’s best finding a spin casting rod to allow the spin casting reel you would use.

4. Built Material

Choosing the material for your fishing gears is not a major beginner’s concern, but it is still worth mentioning. This way, the beginners will have a gradual advancement with the rods used, as time goes.

We have two main materials for fishing rods; graphite and fiberglass. These materials both have their advantages when used for building rod. The graphite materials are more expensive, and they are also susceptible.

Experienced fishers favor the graphite rods, as they can quickly feel a fish when it strikes. Though they are of high quality, they are also a bit fragile, that is where fiberglass rods excel.

Fiberglass rods would likely be the best choice for most new anglers. They are cheap, very rugged, and suited for everyday use.

However, you would make a choice between choosing from the two materials; most people opt for a fiberglass rod.

End Thoughts

You will have a lot of decisions to make if you are new to fishing. Before buying any gear, you will first need to identify the different kinds of species of fish you would love to catch.

This would help you for both aiding you to learn the fishing ropes and facilitating in buying your gear. Once species are targeted, choosing a fishing rod would be a lot easier.

As you go through the distributor’s lineup, you should keep these aspects in mind. By doing so, it will not only help you through the numerous fishing gear, but it will also put the best rod in your hands before you go fishing. Trust me!